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Depending on the system, schools for this period, or a part of it, may be called secondary or high schools, gymnasiums, lyceums, middle schools, colleges, or vocational schools. The exact meaning of any of these terms varies from one system to another. The exact boundary between primary and secondary education also varies from country to country and even within them but is generally around the seventh to the tenth year of schooling.

  • Confucius gathered disciples and searched in vain for a ruler who would adopt his ideals for good governance, but his Analects were written down by followers and have continued to influence education in East Asia into the modern era.
  • The Aztecs also had a well-developed theory about education, which has an equivalent word in Nahuatl called tlacahuapahualiztli.
  • The Commitment to Action recognizes that foundational learning provides the essential building blocks for all other learning.
  • Post 16 education, adult education and further education involve continued study, but a level no different from that found at upper secondary, and are grouped together as ISCED 4, post-secondary non-tertiary education.

Within this essential curriculum, religious instruction takes the most prominent place. A primitive person, whose culture is the totality of his universe, has a relatively fixed sense of cultural continuity and timelessness. The model of life is relatively static and absolute, and it is transmitted from one generation to another with little deviation.

Unconventional forms

Education is also used to refer to the process or institution of teaching in general. Our community comes to us seeking tools to help answer everyday questions. Managing school finances Resources, templates, and financial guidance to support the governance of school finances and financial reporting. Choose from our library of over 35k interactive curriculum-aligned activities.

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Getting all children in school and learning requires alignment across families, educators and decision makers. It requires shared goals, and national policies that put learning at the centre. It also requires data collection and regular monitoring to help policymakers identify what’s working, who’s benefiting, and who’s being left behind.

Education refers to the discipline that is concerned with methods of teaching and learning in schools or school-like environments, as opposed to various nonformal and informal means of socialization. As an academic field, philosophy of education is “the philosophical study of education and its problems its central subject matter is education, and its methods are those of philosophy”. Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social psychology of schools as organizations. The terms “educational psychology” and “school psychology” are often used interchangeably. Educational psychology is concerned with the processes of educational attainment in the general population and in sub-populations such as gifted children and those with specific disabilities.

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This was a broad conceptualization of education, which prescribed that it begins at home, supported by formal schooling, and reinforced by community living. Historians cite that formal education was mandatory for everyone regardless of social class and gender. Indigenous education refers to the inclusion of indigenous knowledge, models, methods, and content within formal and non-formal educational systems. Often in a post-colonial context, the growing recognition and use of indigenous education methods can be a response to the erosion and loss of indigenous knowledge and language through the processes of colonialism.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015, calls for a new vision to address the environmental, social and economic concerns facing the world today. The Agenda includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals , including SDG 4 on education. Evidence-based education is the use of well designed scientific studies to determine which education methods work best. Evidence-based learning methods such as spaced repetition can increase rate of learning.

The COVID-19 pandemic forced a rapid shift to emergency remote teaching due to the lockdown in March 2020. Following up on a mixed-methods study on emergency teaching among students in public health nutrition at the beginning of the pandemic, the aim of […] Read more. The availability and potential of technology makes digital learning an essential service for every child. UNICEF leads on global initiatives to connect millions of children and young people to world-class digital solutions so they can leapfrog to a brighter future. An academic discipline is a branch of knowledge which is formally taught, either at the university – or via some other such method.